24 May 2019 (Nairobi), Kenya: The Ambassadors Committee of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) this morning reviewed and subsequently approved the final provisions of the IGAD Protocol on Preventive Diplomacy and Mediation in Nairobi, Kenya. The IGAD Agreement on Preventive Diplomacy and Mediation will serve as an essential guide for Member States to make interventions effective, effective and transparent, engage envoys or mediators, and play a large part in the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts in the region. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development was established in 1996. She succeeded the former Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD), a multinational body established in 1986 by Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda and Kenya, with a focus on development assistance and environmental control. The IGADD headquarters was then transferred to Djibouti following the signing by member states of an agreement in January 1986. Eritrea joined the Organization in 1993, after gaining independence.  It should be recalled that the protocol was developed by an advisory intervention that was planned in the light of legal experts from the Member States. The consultations served as a mechanism for the interface between legal experts, the Foreign Affairs Representative and the current Ambassadors Committee on The Ownership of Member States. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is a trading bloc of eight countries in Africa.
It includes governments in the Horn of Africa, the Nile Valley and the Great Lakes of Africa. The headquarters are located in Djibouti City. The approval of the Protocol was preceded by a series of consultations with legal and technical experts from the main member states` institutions. From 22 to 23 May 2019, technical experts conducted a final review and debate that incorporated comprehensive views, proposals and recommendations that resulted in the Committee`s approval. Ambassador Mahboub Maalim presented Workneh Gebeyehu as Executive Secretary at the end of 2019. Maalim, a Kenyan candidate, was in office from 2008 to 2019. On 21 February 2007, the UN Security Council approved Resolution 1744 authorizing the deployment of a new African Union mission to Somalia (AMISOM) to replace IGASOM.  At the same meeting, the Committee issued resolutions on the semi-annual report of the Mediation Support Unit, including the IGAD Mediation Support Unit, to establish mechanisms to strengthen and strengthen the mediation capacity of IGAD Member States, and welcomed the valuable support given to IGAD partners for their continued support for the promotion of peace , security and stability in the IGAD region. 2 Proposed for the REC pillar, but opposition to the participation of 3 non-African GAFTA members are excluded from the figures In September 2006, the AU Peace and Security Council approved an IGAD proposal to deploy an IGAD peace support mission to Somalia (IGASOM).  In April 1995, the Assembly of Heads of State and Government met in Addis Ababa, where it agreed to strengthen the organization`s cooperation. This was followed by the signing on 21 March 1996 of an instrument amending the IGADD charter. The revitalized IGAD, a new organizational structure, was finally established on 25 November 1996 in Djibouti.
 In 2004. Source: CIA World Factbook 2005, IMF WEO Database.